Journal of Marine and Island Cultures

ISSN: 2212-6821

Issues

v6n1, 2017

  1. AbstractKeywords

    Over the last 200 years a number of sandbanks that rise above the surface of the sea or river estuaries for brief periods during low tide points have been site of cricket matches organised by teams based in adjacent coastal areas. The most regular locations for such performances have been the Goodwin Sands (an area of sandbanks located in the English Channel, close to the coast of the English county of Kent) and the Bramble Bank in the Solent. Other locations, such as banks in the River Tamar, have also seen one-off events of this kind. The article identifies these sports occasions as constituting particular forms of temporary territorialisations of space that adapt aspects of the game for the conditions of rapidly changing locations. The annual matches provide an example of the human rendition of spaces as temporary island neighbourhoods, the ephemerality of which is key to their attraction and meaning. Notably, they also involve a return to conventions of traditionally recognised ‘fair play’ in cricket that have significantly diminished in the modern form of the game. In this manner, the temporary spaces of the sandbanks allow for a revival of customs that relate to earlier participatory performance traditions and allow these to be re-affirmed.

    Goodwin Sands, Bramble Bank, Tamar, cricket, territorialisation

  2. AbstractKeywords

    Recently a significant population migration to rural areas has been occurring in relation to both rural and urban areas in Korea. This urban-rural migration is characterized by region. On Jeju Island the number of Return Non-Farm Households provides the overwhelming majority, unlike other regions. This has partially been the result of the geographical location and tourism industry of Jeju Island. This migration tendency is causing a transformation in the rural space. Thus this paper aims to describe and determine how an increase in urban-rural migrants causes commodification of a rural-coastal village, both in terms of the reasons and the processes in order to understand rural spatial transformation by in-migrants. As a result, service activities by in-migrants in Woljeong village are associated with commodification of the village in terms of consumption of the village landscapes. This includes the ocean view and sales of farm lands and houses. Commodification of the village has overheated commercialization of the village space and competition in the same field of business. Finally, a spatial division between the existing ‘spatial practices’ of the village natives and the commercialized place of new stakeholders has occurred. This means that the rural space and identity have transformed in Woljeong-Ri.

    Urban-rural migrants, commodification, spatial transformation, Worljeong-Ri, Jeju Island

  3. AbstractKeywords

    Rottnest Island/Wadjemup is an important cultural landscape where human interaction with natural systems over time has formed a distinctive landscape. It has high degree of heritage significance to the people of Western Australia. Its heritage values include: an exceptional combination of geological and ecological features and processes; significant cultural value for Aboriginal people as its intangible heritage is associated with Dreamtime stories concerning death and the creation of the offshore islands; archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Island prior to its separation from the mainland, possibly dating to 30,000 years ago; a key site in early exploration of Australia by Dutch mariners who landed on the Island and surveyed the coastline in the 17th century; a remarkably intact British colonial outpost and penal establishment dating from the early to mid-nineteenth century; a rare purpose-built Aboriginal prison; shipwrecks around the Island’s seascape and lighthouses on the Island; a key site for Australia’s coastal defence during World War II. Transition to a place of recreation is a tangible illustration of the importance of islands to mainlanders, particularly in providing a strong sense of place. Visible from the metropolitan coastline, the Island has outstanding aesthetic qualities that continue to capture the imagination. Because of its significant history, including its place as what is believed to be the largest Aboriginal deaths in custody site in Australia, and one of the largest Aboriginal burial grounds in the State, the Island has the potential to become an important focal point for reconciliation and healing between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people. This paper will show how using the concept of a cultural landscape, the management authority is implementing an integrated planning system for the Island which will assist in respecting all heritage values but acknowledge the previously hidden Indigenous beliefs and painful Aboriginal history of incarceration.

    Cultural landscape, heritage management, Aboriginal history, reconciliation

  4. AbstractKeywords

    The aim of the study is to analyze the diversity of exotic plant species in a small tourist island in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. A field study was conducted at Gili Trawangan and Gili Air, West Nusa Tenggara. Tourism is the main activity in these islands, buttourism infrastructure development, garden landscaping and theintroduction of exotic plant species have caused dramatic changes in the vegetation of these small islands. A total of 108 non-native plant species of 44 families was recorded, demonstrating the high number of exotic plant species that have been introduced. The family with the highest number of species was Fabaceae, followed by Asparagaceae, Arecaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Anacardiaceae, and Myrtaceae. Native plant species have decreased as a consequence of tourism infrastructure development. Exotic plant species represent culturally and economically important resources in Gili Trawangan and Gili Air. Many native species in Gili are useful for food, construction material, ornaments, remedies, and forage. Exotic plant species are planted as ornaments, as well as for shade, ground cover, hedges and fences, and as focal points. Some important aspects should be considered in order to minimize the impact of exotic plant species upon native ecosystems, including plant species regulation, plant monitoring, and restoration of degraded habitats and encouraging the growth of local flora as acomponent of garden landscaping in the tourism infrastructure. Sustainable gardening may consist of establishing an agroforestry system to guarantee continuing small island ecosystems and rehabilitating the abandoned farmlands.

    exotic plant species, tourism risk, sustainable small island, Lesser Sunda

v5n2, 2016

  1. Forthcoming

v5n1, 2016

  1. Forthcoming

v4n2, 2015

  1. Forthcoming

v4n1, 2015

  1. Forthcoming

v3n2, 2014

  1. Forthcoming

v3n1, 2014

  1. Forthcoming

v2n2, 2013

  1. Forthcoming

v2n1, 2013

  1. Forthcoming

v1n2, 2012

  1. Forthcoming

v1n1, 2012

  1. Forthcoming